Armenia

Leading Beneficiary Institution:
1. Water Resources Management Agency, under the Ministry of Nature Protection Website

Agency Goals and Objectives are:
a) Formulate and manage a freshwater and groundwater resources policy to ensure water resources management and protection in the Republic of Armenia;
b) Ensure implementation of measures aimed at provision and enhancement of National Water Reserve of the Republic of Armenia;
c) Ensure preliminary assessment of usable water resources quantity and quality, outline public and commercial present and future water demand in the Republic of Armenia;
d) Ensure preparation of the National Water Program and National Water Program of the Republic of Armenia;
e) Support to water resources management and protection as part of the National Water Policy and National Water Program;
f) Ensure implementation of the results and introduction of fundamental and applied scientific research in the sector of water resources management and protection;
g) Ensure forming demand for water resources quality and quantity monitoring;
h) Ensure keeping of the State Water Cadaster and making up the Water Balance;
i) Ensure Water Basin Management Planning

Other Key Beneficiary Institutions/Agencies:

  • Environmental Impact Monitoring Centre under the Ministry of Nature Protection

The Environmental Impact Monitoring Centre (EIMC) of the Ministry of Nature Protection is a state non-commercial organization in charge of carrying out monitoring of atmospheric air, quality of surface water and soil pollution. Air quality monitoring in Armenia has undergone significant changes during the last two decades. The air quality monitoring network was quite extensive during the Soviet Union, but was significantly impacted by the collapse of the Soviet Union. In 1997-1998 only in 4 cities of Armenia (Yerevan, Vanadzor, Alaverdi and Ararat) the atmospheric air quality was monitored (for 11 parameters). In 1997 the monitoring of carbon monoxide was terminated in Yerevan. In addition, several very important monitoring stations were completely closed.
In 1999 the cities of Gyumri and Hrazdan were added to the monitoring network. In recent years the situation has significantly improved due to provision and exploitation of contemporary equipment of air quality monitoring financed from the state budget sources and donor organizations.
For the purposes of monitoring of transboundary pollution, EIMC actively participates in the European Monitoring and Evaluation Program for monitoring of transboundary pollution under the Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP). The air quality monitoring station in Amberd, situated at the altitude of 2070 m above the sea level, fully corresponds to the requirements of such program.
Due to recent developments, a hybrid monitoring network was formed for air quality monitoring. The air quality monitoring network currently consists of 300 passive sampling points for 2 major pollutant substances, providing average weekly data. In 18 points EIMC does active sampling of 4 pollutants (Sulphur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ozone, and total gas), and in 7 stations, 4 of which are located in Yerevan, automated measurements take place. These automated stations perform monitoring of air quality, and possess about 30 automated analyzers. The number is not sufficient, and in optimal case there should be 3-4 times more. However, these equipment are made in United States of America (USA) and Japan and are very expensive, and the scarce financial resources and often their absence did not provide opportunity to EIMC to complete the technical upgrading and modernization of the monitoring network.
Most of the air quality data is available in Armenian language from the website of the EIMC at http://www.armmonitoring.am

  • Hydro-geological Monitoring Centre under the Ministry of Nature Protection

According to Government of Armenia Decree No 1616-N of September 8, 2005 "Hydro-geological Monitoring Centre" SNCO was established under the Ministry of Nature Protection, which aims to evaluate the main patterns of formation of freshwater underground waters in the territory of Armenia, their quantitative and qualitative properties and regional changes, and serve this information for more efficient use and protection of groundwater resources of the country, as well development of measures to fight against negative impact on groundwater resources.
The implemented hydro-geological monitoring includes measurements at water spring and water discharge, level (pressure), as well as water temperature. The measurements are implemented at 6 water basin management areas: Akhuryan, Northern, Sevan, Hrazdan, Araratian and Southern.

  • Armenian State Hydro-meteorological and Monitoring Service under the Ministry of Emergency Situation

The Armenian State Hydro-Meteorological Monitoring Service (ASHMS) (http://www.meteo.am) of the Ministry of Emergency Situations is the only authorized body for surface water quantity monitoring among other hydro-meteorological services in the country. ASHMS currently operates 7 river basin hydrological stations with 94 hydrological observation posts.
The data is collected at each point twice a day. At a lesser frequency (about 30 observations annually) a river discharge measurement is made at each post. The monitoring activities of ASHMS consist of water level, flow, water temperature, air temperature, and precipitation. With the data collected from all observation posts, the ASHMS headquarters in Yerevan processes the obtained data and prepares annual reference books. All data is being stored in an electronic database which is not available on-line.
With limited resources the following measurements and analyses have been curtailed in ASHMS: observations of water turbidity and solid substances; semi-annual survey of cross-section at each observation point; and observation and analysis of sediments, deformations and dam stability in reservoirs and lakes, mudflows; route snowpack measurement and snowpack aero-observations.

  • State Committee of Water Systems under the Ministry of Territorial Administration

Web-site: http://www.armstat.am

The State Committee on Water Systems (SCWS) (http://www.scws.am) under the Ministry of Territorial Administration is a state authorized body for water systems management and is responsible for the management and operation of state owned drinking water supply, irrigation water supply, drainage structures and wastewater collection, treatment and disposal facilities. It is also responsible for operation of Vorotan-Arpa-Sevan tunnel, issuance of contracts and agreements for third party management, operation and maintenance of water systems, as well as for transferring authorities for exploitation of irrigation systems to Water Users Associations (WUA) and Federations of Water Users Associations (FWUA).
On its website, the SCWS uploads numerous assessment reports, including the annual report on the activities in the fields of drinking water supply, wastewater treatment, irrigation water supply and management of water infrastructure (reservoirs, other hydro-technical structures). Information on the performance indicators of the 5 drinking water supply, 3 irrigation intake and 1 drainage structures operating companies, as well as Water Users Associations in the country is provided, including financial-economic analysis. Finally, the website contains detailed information on Lake Sevan.

National Coordination Committee Meetings

First National Coordination Committee Meeting for Armenia, December 2012
First National Coordination Committee Meeting for Armenia, December 2012
2nd National Coordination Committee Meeting for Armenia 16 September, 2013
2nd National Coordination Committee Meeting for Armenia 16 September, 2013
3rd National Coordination Committee Meeting and Stakeholder Consultation Meeting for Armenia 20 June, 2014
Minutes
5th National Coordination Committee Meeting for Armenia, 26 March, 2015
Minutes
6th National Coordination Committee Meeting for Armenia, 31 March, 2016
Minutes of the Meeting

Monitoring programmes

Groundwater

Guidelines for Groundwater Monitoring in the Pilot River Basins of Caucasus Countries (Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia)
Guidelines for Groundwater Monitoring in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia

Surface Water

Surface Waters Monitoring Programme in the Akhuryan River basin
Surface Waters Monitoring Programme in the Akhuryan River basin

Technical Reports

Rapid Biological Assessment (RBA) based on Analysis of Benthic Macroinvertebrate Communities
Rapid Biological Assessment