Joint field Service in the Prut pilor river basin in Republic of Moldova

During the period from 29 July to 3 August 2013 3 specialists of State Hydrometorological Service participated in the expedition organized joint regional project funded by the European Union " Protection of of environment of International River Basins " to carry out a study Prut river basin. Expedition team, with Service representatives attended both foreign key experts hidromorfolog Tajana Koltova, hidrobiolog Svetoslav Cheshmedjiev and country water management expert Victor Bujac as as well as representatives of the Agency "Moldova's waters."
The main goal is this activity will contribute to the Implementation of the Activity-2: 'Development of joint River Basin Management Plans (RBMPs) for selected river basins' and specifically for Activity 2.4: 'Joint field surveys to cover the gaps'. Main objective of this task will be introducing elements of the EU Water Framework Directive (EU WFD) compliant monitoring practice in the beneficiary countries, with specific focus on the Joint Field Surveys (JFSs) as a mechanism of filling the time gaps for final classification Bodies Identified surface of the water (WBS) and defining ecological status of surface waters objects in the selected pilot areas. A preliminary identification of the water bodies was undertaken using the guidelines proposed in Annex II of the WFD and the relevant WFD Common Implementation Strategy guidelines. The first step in this process was determining the geographical extent of these water bodies based on all relevant considerations including to river types, human impacts, protected areas and use of the water bodies. For a simpler typology System-A, based on Eco-regions as specified in Annex XI of the WFD, were used for the project pilot basins.
As already mentioned, the main objective of the JFSs will be collecting missing data for classification of water bodies in the pilot areas. Normally the JFSs should include the following three sections of every surface water object, or river basin: a) river upstream sections to demonstrate reference conditions in each basin with ‘high’ to ‘good’ ecological status; b) middle flow sections, where significant impact caused by human activities is still not clearly visible – ‘good’ to ‘moderate’ ecological status; and c) downstream flow sections, or at the crossings with industry/agriculture and highly populated areas to demonstrate changes in the ecological status from ‘moderate’ to ‘poor’, or ‘bad’ ecological status.
However, since the water quality monitoring practice and thus the monitoring data in the selected pilot areas are very limited and studies to identify reference conditions never have been done previously, first priority during the JFSs this year will be sampling and analysing of hydro-biological, physical-chemical and hydro-morphological quality elements for potentially ‘high’ and ‘good’ ecological status of the identified water bodies.  Further examination of the classified WBs with lower classes (‘moderate’ to ‘bad’) ideally should be conducted at a same time, but due to time limitation this will be done only at the next JFS in summer 2014.
One of the main goal of the joint filed expedition was the hidrological land hydromorphological researches, and hydrobiological monitoring surface water quality in the basin of the Prut River, to cover information gaps in the existing monitoring and complete analysis for Prut river basin prepared by the Institute of Ecology and Geography of the Academy of Sciences.
During this period were investigated 24 places (sites) which was on the channel  of the river Prut (town Lipcani downstream of the bridge, locality Pererîta district Edinet, loc.Sculeni, district Ungheni,  town Leova hydrometric station) and also on Prut tributaries: Vilia, Ciuihureţ, Racovat, Camenca, Ustia, Delia, Girla Mare, Nîrnova, Lăpuşna, Sarata, Sirma, Valea Galmadjei, Tigheci and others and without name.
Key  experts of EPIRB project hydrobiologist, Mr. Svetoslav Cheshmedjiev conducted training of staff (7 persons) Department of Environmental Quality Monitrorig of the State Hydrometerological Service regarding "express"  assessment method of ecological status of water bodies recently identified and sampling waterfrom Prut river and its tributaries for chemical and hydrobiological monitoring, k- expert in hydromorphology and hydrology, Tatiana Koltova trained representatives of Hydrology Department of the SHS and Water Management Directorate of the Agency "Moldova Waters" on the description of hydromorphological under the Protocol and manual prepared by the Hydrometeorological Institute from Bratislava, Slovakia.
In order to implement art. 5 on water resources management in the river basins of new Water Law. 272 of 23 December 2011 to enter in force in Autumn of 2013 were been identified preliminary list of water bodies as well required by the Water Framework Directive of EU.
Therefore, in the Prut river  basin from the preliminary identifed  water bodies (from around 85 SWB) have been sampled from 24 locations.
Taking into account that were locations where monitoring is not carried out systematically until now were under firt priority. Also expedition researches offers the opportunity to get broad information on aquatic species diversity in the Prut River basin.
However, since the water quality monitoring practice and thus the monitoring data in the selected pilot areas are very limited and studies to identify reference conditions never have been done previously, first priority during the JFSs this year will be sampling and analysing of hydro-biological, physical-chemical and hydro-morphological quality elements for potentially ‘high’ and ‘good’ ecological status of the identified water bodies.  Further examination of the classified WBs with lower classes (‘moderate’ to ‘bad’) ideally should be conducted at a same time, but due to time limitation this will be done only at the next JFS in summer 2014.
Final Report on the joint field survey n in the pilot basin r.Prut with results of  laboratory analyses done by State Hydrometer ological Service (Department of Environmental Quality Control) will be presented and discussed at the Project Steering Committee Meeting, to be held in September , Tbilisi, Georgia and later presented to the principal beneficiary, the Ministry of Environment.

Information in Romanian

29.07.2013 to 03.08.2013
  • Moldova
  • Prut Basin