On 10 July 2014 in Kyiv, in the premise of UC "Water Information Center" was held a working meeting of experts in the framework of the EU project "Environmental Protection of International River Basins" (EPIRB).
The event was organized by the Ukrainian National Environmental NGO "MAMA-86" in order to present and discuss the results of the analysis of anthropogenic pressures and risks to water resources in the basin of the Upper Dnieper. The meeting was attended by the experts from the EPIRB Project in Ukraine, representatives of the Dnieper and Desna River Basin authorities, GosSES, research institutes, Ukrainian Association of Water Utilities, Chernihiv water channel, other international technical assistance projects, environmental organizations, and coordinator for Ukraine under the Protocol on Water and Health.
The overall objective of the project is to improve the water quality in the transboundary river basins in the wider Black Sea Region and Belarus. It is planned to achieve this by strengthening current activities in the field of environmental protection and water management, the introduction of the principles of integrated water resources management (IWRM) and Water Framework Directive (WFD).
Ms Natalia Zakorchevna, the River Basin Management Expert of the EPIRB Project in Ukraine has noted during the meeting that there are 6 countries are involved into the project activities. Ukraine has chosen two pilot river basins: the Upper Dnieper and Prut. The expert presented the results of the first phase of the project – the analysis of the Upper Dnipro basin and field researches of the hydrobiological, chemical and gidromorfologichnogo status of water bodies, carried out last year.
The purpose of the second phase of the project – is the development of the river basin management plans (RBMP) for selected pilot river basins. Ms Anna Tsvietkova, the Water Programs Coordinator of the Ukrainian National Environmental NGO “MAMA-86”, has presented milestones and challenges in the context of the EU Water Framework Directive on developing of the RBMP for the Upper Dnieper basin. "Much has been already done in the framework of the project, and today we are approaching to the second phase, which includes the development of the RBMP. The EU Water Framework Directive - is the main instrument of the EU water policy, but each country adapts these frameworks. Our task is to develop the draft plan in accordance with the requirements of the EU WFD, "- said Ms Anna Tsvietkova.
Mr Kyryl Sereda, the independent expert has presented the methodological approaches of the EU to the analysis of anthropogenic preasures and risk assessment of impacts on the water object. "Risk assessment of impacts and anthropogenic pressures is carried out for the development of an effective system and a program for monitoring the state of the river basin water resources and eleaboration of the appropriate program of necessary measures for the protection, improvement and restoration of water resources", - said Mr Kyryl Sereda. In accordace with the evaluation of the water bodies they are cotegoriesed as follwoing: at risk of failing to achieve good ecological status; with possible risk; not at risk.
The risk assessment of anthropogenic preassures of the settlements from the discharge of untreated sewage was prepared and reported by Mr Alexander Kravchenko, a representative of the State Enterprise "Scientific-Research and Design Institute of Municipal Economy". He has introduced to the audience the risks calculation results in consequence of the wastewaters discharge. The expert also noted that there are many issues that still need to be addressed. In particular, for the accurate calculations of such risks some data series are missing, for example, such as information on the number of domestic animals and poultry that has the population residing in the area of research.
Participants also discussed the following topics: assessment of the chemical status of the basin and determination of the water bodies at chemical contamination risk, assessment of the environmental state of the basin of the Upper Dnieper. Separately, there was an exchange of oppinions on the topic of ecological status of the Kiev reservoir. The results of field surveys of the Upper Dnieper rivers were introduced by Ms Tetyana Kuznyetsova, Head of the Laboratory of Hydrobiology of the Central Geophysical Observatory, and Mr Yurii Pligin, the employee of the Institute of Hydrobiology of the National Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Biological Sciences has presented the report on the status of the Kyiv water reservoir.
During the meeting all had an opportunity to make comments/remarks as well as to exchange ideas on further cooperation.